Phek District is a district in the Indian state of Nagaland. At 2,026 square kilometres (782 sq mi), the district is the seventh-most populous district in Nagaland and 596th most populous district in India with 163,418 inhabitants. The district is home to 8.26% population of Nagaland. The district headquarter is located at Phek, 120 kilometres from Kohima, the capital of Nagaland and the largest urban centre is Pfütsero


Phek District was established in 1973 when it was carved out of the erstwhile Kohima District. The name Phek comes from the word Phekrekedze, meaning watchtower. The Government of Nagaland approved Phek as a full-fledged district on 19 December 1973. The district has 14 subdivisions, namely, PfütseroPhek Sadar, Chetheba, Chozuba, Meluri, Chizami, Sekrüzu, Razieba, Sakraba, Zuketsa, Phor, Khuza, Khezhakeno and Phokhungri.


Phek District is a mountainous region rich in flora and fauna with 70% of its land covered in evergreen forest. The highest mountain is Zanibu, with the summit over 2,400 m (7,900 ft) above mean sea level (AMSL). The district HQ town of Phek lies at the lowest altitude of the district at 1,524m above sea level, with the town of Pfütsero at the highest point 2,136m above.

The largest rivers of the district are the Tizu, Lanyi, Arachu, and the three most important lakes are the ShilloiChida and Dzüdu. As of 2002, of its 89 recognized villages, twelve were not accessible by road at all, and of the rest, only 24 were accessible by “all-weather roads”. Only 9 of the 89 villages were still to be connected to the water supply.

Avakhung International Border Checkpost, also known as Avankhu in Phek district of Nagaland, is an International Border Checkpost on India–Myanmar barrier and a highway is being developed as part of the Bharatmala project (2017-2022).


The summers are moderately warm with the average temperature being 27 °C without exceeding 32 °C. Monsoon starts towards the end of May and is over by the end of September. Winters are cold, in comparison to the nearby plains of Assam, with the temperature dropping to 0 °C in the coldest months of January and February.

The average annual rainfall is 1,527 mm.


The Deputy Commissioner’s office is located in Phek. The current Deputy Commissioner of the district is John Tsulise Sangtam. The district is split into 14 administrative circles, in which Additional Deputy Commissioner (ADC) headquarters are located in PfütseroChozuba and Meluri. A Sub-Divisional Officer (SDO) is located in Chizami and Extra Assistant Commissioner (EAC) headquarters are located in Sakraba, Sekrüzu, Phokhungri, Khezhakeno, Chetheba, Khuza, Zuketsa, Phor, Lephory and Razeba.


Religion in Phek district (2011)

  Christianity (96.82%)

  Hinduism (2.18%)

  Islam (0.58%)

  Buddhism (0.21%)

  Jainism (0.01%)

  Sikhism (0.02%)

  Other (0.12%)

  Not stated (0.05%)


Christianity is the religion of 97% of the inhabitants. Other religions followed are Hinduism by 2% of the population, Islam by 0.6%, Buddhism by 0.2%, and a few Jains and Sikhs.


The following Angami–Pochuri languages are spoken in Phek district.


The festivals of SükhrünyieYemsheTsükhrünyie and Nazhü are celebrated in Phek District.

Towns and villages

As of 2011 the 2011 census, the district holds two towns, Phek and Pfütsero, and 117 villages, divided into fourteen admin circles as follows:






Chesezumi (3,470), Thenyizumi (3,275), Thipuzu (3,249), Chetheba Hq (1,915), Khulazu Basa (1,839), Khulazu Bawe (1,669), Rihuba (949), Chesezu Nasa (275), Phuyoba (240).



Thetsümi (2,840), Chizami Vill. (2,592), Mesülümi (2,037), Chizami Hq (1,283), Enhulümi (1,014), Sumi (508).


Chozuba (3,543)

Chozuba Village (3,419), Yorüba (3,353), Thüvopisü (2,624), Rünguzumi Nawe (1,193), Rünguzumi Nasa (335), Khüsomi (265), Sheza (104).



Khezakeno Village (3,281), Khezakeno Hq (529).



Chiepoketa (1,007), Khuza Village (743), Mütsale (663), Tehephu (534), Khutsokhuno (501), Süthotsü (402), Khuza Hq (157).


Meluri (5,191)

Meluri Village (2,723), Lephori (1,355), Akhegwo (1,196), Matikhrü (623), Reguri (592), Kanjang (539), Mollen (430), Khumiasu (407), New Akhegwo (305), Kukhegwo (288), Akhen (128), Akhegwo Junction (113).


Pfütsero (10,371)

Kikrüma (7,298), Phüsachodü (7,275), Pfütseromi (3,378), Kami (1,239), Lekromi (950), R.D Block Kikrüma (571), Kade (147).

Phek Sadar

Phek (14,204)

Phek Village (2,744), Losami (2,246), Lozaphuhu (2,077), Kütsapo (2,050), Phek Old Town (924), Sohomi (558), Kizari (490), Kotisü (455), Phek Basa (434), Lanyezho (319), Tezatse (252), Chosaba (210), Satheri (194), Losami Junction (132), Sürhoba (118).



Phokhungri Vill. (629), Sutsu (485), Laruri (472), New Thewati (457), Zipu (387), Phokhungri Hq (259), Mokie (214), Washelo (200), Old Thewati (187), Avankhu (186), Letsam (135).



Hutsu (1,007), Wezeho Town (783), Phor (732), Wezeho (699), Satuza (431), Yesisotha Centre (331), Wuzu (314), Kuzatu (195), Yesi (102), New Phor (523).



Zhavame (3,208), Zelume (1,076), Tsüpfüme (1,070), Razeba Hq (780), Zavachu (371).



Porba (2,764), Middle Khomi (1,206), Pholami (1,159), Pholami (873), Sakraba (754), Sakraba Hq (735), Upper Khomi (730), Wibo (538), Gidemi (246), Lower Khomi (236).



Ruzazho (2,848), Dzülhami (2,823), Phugwi (1,527), Süthazu Nawe (1,478), Thürütsüswümi (1,010), Khütsami (621), Süthazu Nasa (462), Sekrüzu (394), New Rüzazho (203).



Leshemi (1,877), Zapami (1,308), Lasumi (1,048), Zuketsa (555), Lowuza (456).


Agriculture is the main occupation with Terrace Rice Cultivation (TRC) as the most predominant throughout Phek district. Shifting cultivation or Jhum Cultivation is a common practice. Important crops produced in the district include rice, maize and millet.

Manufacturing here includes production of salt in Meluri, fruit juice production, weaving, bamboo and wood carving.


The healthcare sector comprises one hospital, two community health centres and eight primary health centres.


The education sector comprises 116 primary schools, 46 middle schools, 18 high schools plus one higher secondary school, and three colleges. The literacy rate of the district is 78.05%.



Phek District has numerous tourist attractions to visit and explore. Below are few of the tourist attractions in the district:

Lake Shilloi

Lake Shilloi also referred to as The Lake of Spirits. It is the largest natural lake in Nagaland.


Kapamüdzü standing at 2,620 metres (8,600 ft) is the highest table top mountain in Nagaland.


Khezhakeno Village is considered to be the ancestral home of many Naga ethnic groups.

Glory Peak

Glory Peak (2,600 metres (8,500 ft)) is a peak located in Pfütsero, the highest altitude settlement in Nagaland.[16]


Terapimithu is a peak standing at 2,232 metres (7,323 ft)



The nearest airport is Dimapur Airport in Nagaland located 193 kilometres from district headquarters Phek.


The nearest railway station is Chümoukedima Shokhüvi Railway Station located 200 kilometres from the district headquarters at Phek.


The district is well-connected with roads. The NH 29NH 202 and NH 702A passes through the district alongside other intra-district roads.