PROFILE OF PHEK DISTRICT


Phek is a district in the South-eastern part of Nagaland, bounded by Myanmar in the East, Zunheboto and Tuensang districts in the North, Manipur state in the South and Kohima district in the West.Phek is derived from the word "Phekrekedze" meaning watch tower. Earlier a part of Kohima district, it was made a seperate district on December 21, 1973. It is inhabited by the Chakhesangs and Pochurys. The word "Chakhesang" an amalgamation of the names of three sub-tribes - "cha" from "Chokri", "khe" from "Khezha (Kuzha)" and "Sang" from "Sangtam (Pochury)". There are atleast three main lingustic group in the district, namely, Chokri , Khezha and Pochury. The medium of communication among the people is mainly Tenyidie and Nagamese.

It is a hilly district rich in flora and fauna. there are three important rivers namely Tizu, Lanye, and Sedzu and three important lakes called Shilloi, Chida and Dzudu.

Summer is moderately warm and winter is cold. Monsoon sets in by the last week of May

and retreats by the end of September.

Agriculture is the main occupation with 80.84 % of the population engaged in agriculture. Terrace Rice Cultivation (TRC) is predominant. Besides agriculture people engage in salt making (in Meluri area) weaving, bamboo and wood carving, and in making fruit juice.

Phek is a land rich in culture and festivals. Festivals are held round the year. there are different traditional attires for every occasion. Coupled with their rich cultural heritage, the people in Phek are renowned

for their cheerful nature and hospitality.

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